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Der Datenfreihafen in Island wird realer

Ende Dezember hat das Transparenz-Projekt Wikileaks auf dem 26. Chaos Communication Congress eine Idee verkündet, die man gemeinsam mit Aktivisten und Politikern aus Island entwickelt hatte: Island zum Datenfreihafen machen. Die Idee nimmt nun konkrete Züge an.

Eine “Icelandic Modern Media Initiative” wurde gegründet und 51 Abgeordnete wollen am 16. Februar einen Gesetzesentwurf ins Parlament einbringen. Ziel der Initiative ist es, die weltweit besten Gesetze für Presse-, Meinungs- und Informationsfreiheit zu vereinen. Der Zeitpunkt ist optimal, wie der britische Guardian von einem isländischen Abgeordneten erfahren hat:

“It is a good project for political change,” said Róbert Marshall, a member of the ruling Social Democratic Alliance party. “We have been through a difficult period and this is an initiative that can unite the whole political scene.”

Die BBC zitiert Wikileaks-Gründer Julian Assange, der hoffnungsvoll ist, was die Chancen durch die isländische Gesetzgebung angeht:

“If it then has these additional media and publishing law protections then it is likely to encourage the international press and internet start-ups to locate their services here,” Mr Assange said.

Das sind die einzelnen Punkte, die in dem Gesetzes-Framework vorkommen sollen:

The Icelandic Prize for Freedom of Expression

Iceland’s first internationally visible prize.

An ultra-modern Freedom of Information Act

Based on the 2009 CoE and OAS recommendations as well as modern elements in the FOI laws of Estonia, Scotland, the UK and Norway as well as the Aarhus treaty. (scope: Iceland)

Whistleblower protections

Protection for those who step forward to reveal important matters in the public interest, based on the U.S. False Claims Act and the U.S. Military Whistleblowers Act. (scope: Iceland)

Source protection

Protection for anonymous sources who attempt to communicate to the public after a promise of confidentiality by a journalist or media organization. Based on new EEA legislation.

Source-journalist communications protection

Protection for the communications between an anonymous source and a media organization and internally within a media organization prior to publication. Based on the Belgium source protection law of 2005.

Limiting prior restraint

Prior restraint is coercion of a publisher, by a government authority, or through the judicial system, to prevent publication of a specific matter. While the Icelandic Constitution provides the right to freedom of expression, small modifications are needed to reduce the possibility of prior restraint.

Protection of intermediaries (internet service providers)

Immunity for “mere conduits”, ISPs and telecommunications carriers.

Protection from “libel tourism” and other extrajudicial abuses

Non-observance of foreign judgments that violate Icelandic freedom of expression protection, and the ability to file a counter-suit in Iceland against a party who engages in a calculated attempt to suppress the speech freedoms of an Icelandic entity. Inspired by legislation passed by the states of New York and Florida and proposed legislation elsewhere.

Statute of limitations on publishing liabilities

Recent rulings in Europe maintain that, for a internet publications, each page view is publication afresh, regardless of how long ago the material was first released. This has resulted in the silent removal of investigative newspaper stories, including those over five years old, from the on-line archives of the Guardian and and other major newspapers.

Process protections

The majority of legal suits related to publishing settle before final judgment. Hence, the court process itself must ensure that it is not used to suppress speech through unequal access to justice, subpoenas or other interlocutory motions. Process protections (called anti-SLAPP laws in the U.S.) permit a judge to declare the matter a free speech related case, at which point protections are activated to prevent such abuses.

Der Zeitplan der Icelandic Modern Media Initiative sieht vor, dass das Gesetz im Optimalfall eine Woche später beschlossen sein kann. Da kann man nur Glück wünschen und auf die Entscheidung warten.

Frank Rieger beschreibt in der FAZ nochmal die ganze Geschichte: Ein Hafen für die Pressefreiheit.

Reposted by02mydafsoup-01nibbler

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